Zamfara State, located in the northwestern region of Nigeria, is a state known for its rich cultural heritage, breathtaking landscapes, and diverse natural resources. From its bustling markets to its vibrant festivals, Zamfara State is a melting pot of different tribes and ethnic groups, each with its unique customs and traditions. But beyond its cultural richness, Zamfara State is also home to some fascinating facts that are sure to surprise even the most seasoned traveler or historian. In this article, we’ll explore some of the lesser-known aspects of Zamfara State, from its history to its economy, and everything in between. So sit back, relax, and let’s take a journey through the hidden gems of Zamfara State!
Interesting Facts About Zamfara State
Creation Of Zamfara State
Zamfara State was created on October 1, 1996, by the military government of Nigeria. Prior to its creation, Zamfara was part of Sokoto State. The creation of Zamfara State was part of the Nigerian government’s efforts to decentralize power and promote local governance.
Meaning Of Zamfara State
The state is named after the Zamfara River, which is a major tributary of the Sokoto River. The Zamfara River flows through the state and is an important source of water for irrigation and other purposes.
Zamfara State Capital
The capital of Zamfara State is Gusau. Gusau is a historic city that has been inhabited for centuries. It is home to several government institutions, including the state government house, the state assembly, and various ministries and agencies.
Zamfara State Slogan
“Farming is Our Pride” is the official slogan of Zamfara State. The slogan reflects the state’s commitment to agriculture and its efforts to promote farming as a means of economic development. Agriculture is the mainstay of the state’s economy, and the government has implemented various policies and programs to support farmers and increase agricultural productivity.
Zamfara State Border
Zamfara State is bordered by Sokoto State to the north, Niger State to the east, Kaduna State to the south, Kebbi State to the west, and Niger Republic to the northwest. The state’s strategic location makes it an important hub for trade and commerce in the region. The state shares international borders with Niger Republic, which has led to some security challenges in recent years.
Zamfara State Geopolitical Region
Zamfara State is part of the North-West geopolitical region of Nigeria. The North-West region is one of the six geopolitical regions in Nigeria and comprises seven states, including Zamfara. The region is known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse economic activities, including agriculture, mining, and trade.
Zamfara State Local Government Areas
Zamfara State has 14 Local Government Areas (LGAs). The LGAs are the third tier of government in Nigeria and are responsible for local administration and development. The 14 LGAs in Zamfara State are Anka, Bakura, Birnin Magaji/Kiyaw, Bukkuyum, Bungudu, Gummi, Gusau, Kaura Namoda, Maradun, Maru, Shinkafi, Talata Mafara, Tsafe, and Zurmi.
Zamfara State Senatorial Districts
Zamfara State has 3 Senatorial Districts. The senatorial districts are the electoral districts through which senators are elected to represent the state in the National Assembly. The three senatorial districts in Zamfara State are Zamfara Central, Zamfara East, and Zamfara West.
Main Religion In Zamfara State
Islam is the main religion in Zamfara State. The majority of the population in the state is Muslim, with a small Christian minority. The state is known for its strict adherence to Islamic law and has implemented Sharia law since 2000.
Zamfara State Landmass
Zamfara State has a land area of 38,418 square kilometers, making it the 7th largest state in Nigeria by landmass. The state is located in the northwestern part of Nigeria and is bordered by several other states and Niger Republic. The state’s large landmass provides ample opportunities for agriculture, mining, and other economic activities.
Zamfara State Population
According to the 2006 census, Zamfara State had a population of 3,278,873, making it the 15th most populous state in Nigeria. However, the population of the state has grown significantly since then and is estimated to be over 4 million. The majority of the population lives in rural areas and is engaged in agriculture and other rural-based activities. The state’s population is diverse, with several ethnic groups and languages represented.
Tribes/Ethnic Groups In Zamfara State
The major ethnic groups in Zamfara State are Hausa and Fulani, with smaller populations of Gwari, Kamuku, and Kambari. The Hausa and Fulani are the dominant ethnic groups in the state and are known for their rich cultural heritage and traditions. The Gwari, Kamuku, and Kambari are minority ethnic groups in the state and are mainly found in the southern part of the state.
Zamfara State Tourism
Zamfara State is home to the Kuyambana Game Reserve, which is a wildlife sanctuary that is home to various species of animals and birds. The game reserve is located in the northwestern part of the state and covers an area of about 32,000 hectares. It is home to several wildlife species, including elephants, baboons, antelopes, and various species of birds. The state government is working to promote tourism in the state by developing other tourist attractions and improving infrastructure.
Zamfara State Natural Resource
The major natural resource in Zamfara State is gold, which is found in large quantities in various parts of the state. The state is known to have some of the largest gold deposits in Nigeria and is a major contributor to the country’s gold production. Other minerals found in the state include lead, zinc, and copper.
Zamfara State First Democratic/Elected Governor
Ahmed Sani Yarima was the first democratically elected governor of Zamfara State, serving from 1999 to 2007. Yarima was a member of the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) and was re-elected for a second term in 2003. He is credited with initiating several development projects in the state, including road construction, education, and healthcare.
Higher Institutions In Zamfara State
Zamfara State has two higher institutions: Federal University, Gusau and Zamfara State College of Education, Maru. The Federal University, Gusau is a federal government-owned university that was established in 2013. The university offers undergraduate and postgraduate programs in various fields of study. The Zamfara State College of Education, Maru is a state-owned institution that offers teacher training programs. The state government is working to establish more higher institutions in the state to improve access to higher education.