Enugu State, located in the southeastern part of Nigeria, is a state with a rich cultural heritage. The name “Enugu” is derived from an Igbo word that means “top of the hill or mountain,” reflecting the state’s geography of rolling hills and valleys. The state is predominantly inhabited by the Nike subgroup of the Igbo people, who are known for their strength and power. Enugu State is also known for its abundant coal deposits, which were a significant source of revenue for the state before the discovery of oil. This article will explore some of the fascinating facts about Enugu State, from its history and culture to its natural resources and prominent individuals.
Facts About Enugu State
1. Creation Of Enugu State
Enugu State was created on August 27, 1991, by the administration of General Ibrahim Babangida. This was a result of the division of Anambra State into two separate entities. Enugu State is one of the youngest states in Nigeria, and it has since grown to become one of the most vibrant states in the country.
2. Enugu State Border
Enugu State is bordered by five other states, including Benue, Kogi, Anambra, Ebonyi, and Abia. These states serve as important economic partners with Enugu, and they share common cultural and historical ties. The state is strategically located at the heart of the eastern region of Nigeria, making it a hub for commerce and transportation.
3. Enugu State Geopolitical Location
Enugu State is located in the southeastern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. This zone is known for its rich cultural heritage and diversity, and Enugu State is no exception. The state is home to various ethnic groups, including the Igbo, who are the predominant group.
4. Enugu State Capital
The capital of Enugu State is Enugu, which is also the largest city in the state. Enugu is a bustling city that serves as the commercial and administrative hub of the state. It is home to various industries, including coal mining, agriculture, and manufacturing. Enugu is also known for its rich cultural heritage and tourist attractions.
5. Enugu State Slogan
The official slogan of Enugu State is “The Coal City State.” This slogan is a reference to the state’s rich history of coal mining, which was a major economic activity in the state in the past. While coal mining is no longer a major industry in Enugu, the state has diversified its economy and is now home to various industries.
6. Religion In Enugu State
Christianity is the predominant religion in Enugu State, with a significant number of Catholics and Anglicans. The state is also home to various other religious groups, including Muslims and traditional worshippers. Christianity has had a significant impact on the state’s culture and history, and it continues to play a vital role in the lives of the people.
7. Enugu State Landmass
Enugu State is the 29th largest state in Nigeria in terms of landmass, with a total area of 7,161 square kilometers. The state is located in the southeastern part of Nigeria and is bordered by several other states. Despite its relatively small size, Enugu State is a significant economic and cultural hub in the region.
8. Tourism In Enugu State
Enugu State is known for its numerous tourist attractions, including the Nike Lake Resort, Ngwo Pine Forest, Awhum Waterfall, and the National Museum of Unity. These attractions draw tourists from all over Nigeria and beyond, and they provide a significant boost to the state’s economy. The state government has invested heavily in the tourism sector to promote Enugu State as a top destination for tourists.
9. Higher Institutions in Enugu State
Enugu State is home to several higher institutions of learning, including the University of Nigeria, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu State Polytechnic, and others. These institutions provide quality education to students from all over Nigeria and beyond, and they contribute significantly to the state’s economy. Enugu State is known for its excellent educational system, and the state government continues to invest in the sector to maintain its high standards.
10. Tribes / Ethnic Group In Enugu State
The major ethnic group in Enugu State is the Igbo people, who make up over 90% of the population. Other ethnic groups in the state include the Idoma, Igede, and Igala. The Igbo people have a rich cultural heritage and have contributed significantly to the development of Enugu State. The state is known for its vibrant cultural festivals, including the New Yam Festival, which is celebrated annually.
11. Enugu State Population
According to the National Population Commission, the population of Enugu State was estimated to be around 4.3 million people as of 2021, making it the 23rd most populous state in Nigeria.
12. First Democratic/ Elected Governor
The first democratically elected governor of Enugu State was Dr. Okwesilieze Nwodo, who served from 1992 to 1993. Dr. Nwodo was a prominent politician and lawyer who had previously served as the Minister of Aviation in the Babangida administration. During his short tenure as governor, he implemented various policies aimed at improving the welfare of the people of Enugu State.
13. Number Of Local Govt
Enugu State has a total of 17 local government areas, each with its own unique cultural and historical heritage. The local government areas in Enugu State are responsible for the provision of basic amenities and services to the people, including healthcare, education, and infrastructure development. The state government works closely with the local government councils to ensure that the needs of the people are met.
14. State Number Of Senatorial Districts
Enugu State has three senatorial districts, including Enugu East, Enugu West, and Enugu North. Each senatorial district is represented in the National Assembly by a senator who is elected by the people. The senatorial districts play a crucial role in the political and economic development of the state, and they work closely with the state government to ensure that the needs of their constituents are met.
15. Major Natural resources in Enugu State
Enugu State is known for its abundant coal deposits, which were a significant source of revenue for the state before the discovery of oil. The state is also rich in other natural resources, including limestone, clay, and oil shale. These resources have the potential to drive the state’s economic growth.
16. Enugu’s History As A Capital City
Enugu served as the capital of the Republic of Biafra, a secessionist state that was established by the Igbo people in 1967. The city was the capital of the breakaway state until it was captured by the Nigerian Armed Forces, and the capital was moved to Umuahia. Enugu became the capital of the newly created Enugu State in 1991 when the old Anambra State was divided into two by the military regime of General Ibrahim Babangida.
17. Prominent People In Enugu State
Enugu State has produced several prominent individuals in Nigeria, including former governors, senators, and business leaders. Some of these individuals include Jim Nwobodo, Chimaroke Nnamani, Sullivan Chime, and Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi. These individuals have made significant contributions to the development of Enugu State and Nigeria as a whole. They continue to inspire the younger generation to work towards the betterment of the state and the country.