Jigawa is a state located in the northern part of Nigeria, with its capital city being Dutse. The state was created on the 27th of August, 1991, from parts of Kano State. Jigawa State is known for its rich cultural heritage, diverse ethnic groups, and numerous tourist attractions. It is also one of the states in Nigeria with a fast-growing economy, driven by agriculture, commerce, and industry. In this article, we will explore some interesting facts about Jigawa State, including its history, people, culture, economy, and tourist attractions.
Jigawa State Facts And Figure
Creation Of Jigawa State
Jigawa State was created on August 27, 1991, by the administration of General Ibrahim Babangida. The state was carved out of the old Kano State, and it was part of the Nigerian government’s efforts to create more states in the country to promote development and decentralization.
Jigawa State Border
Jigawa State is located in the northwestern part of Nigeria and shares borders with five other states. To the north, it is bordered by Yobe State, to the northeast by Bauchi State, to the east by Kano State, to the south by Katsina State, and to the west by Zamfara State. The state’s strategic location has made it a hub for trade and commerce in the region.
Jigawa State Geopolitical Region
Jigawa State is part of the North-West geopolitical region of Nigeria. The region is made up of seven states, which are Kano, Kaduna, Katsina, Sokoto, Zamfara, Kebbi, and Jigawa. The region is known for its rich cultural heritage, agricultural activities, and solid mineral resources.
Jigawa State Capital
The capital of Jigawa State is Dutse. Dutse was chosen as the state capital because of its central location and because it was a relatively underdeveloped town that needed development. The city has since grown to become a major commercial and administrative center in the state.
Jigawa State Slogan
The slogan of Jigawa State is “The New World.” The slogan was adopted to reflect the state’s vision of becoming a modern and prosperous state that is open to new ideas and opportunities.
Main Religion In Jigawa State
Islam is the predominant religion in Jigawa State, and the vast majority of the population are Muslims. The state has a rich Islamic heritage, and there are several Islamic schools and institutions in the state that offer religious education and training.
Jigawa State Landmass
Jigawa State covers a land area of about 23,154 square kilometers, making it the 18th largest state in Nigeria in terms of landmass. The state is located in the northern part of Nigeria and has a relatively flat terrain with some hills and valleys in some parts of the state. The state’s landmass is mostly used for agriculture, with crops such as rice, maize, millet, and sorghum being the major crops grown in the state.
Tourism In Jigawa State
Jigawa State has several cultural and natural attractions that make it an interesting destination for tourists. The state is known for its cultural festivals, such as the Durbar festival, which is celebrated during the Muslim festival of Eid al-Fitr. The festival features colorful parades, horse riding, and traditional music and dance performances. The state also has natural attractions like the Gwiwa Hills, which offer stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
Higher Institutions In Jigawa State
Jigawa State has six higher institutions of learning, including the Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State Polytechnic, Sule Lamido University, and the College of Education, Gumel. These institutions offer various courses and programs in different fields of study, including agriculture, engineering, arts, and sciences.
Tribes / Ethnic Group In Jigawa State
The major ethnic groups in Jigawa State are the Hausa, Fulani, and Kanuri. These ethnic groups have distinct cultures, languages, and traditions, but they have coexisted peacefully in the state for many years. Other minority ethnic groups in the state include the Bade, Ngizim, and Warji.
Jigawa State population
According to the National Population Commission, Jigawa State had a population of about 4.4million people in 2016, making it the 17th most populous state in Nigeria. The population of the state is predominantly young, with a large percentage of the population under the age of 30. The state has a relatively high population growth rate, which has put pressure on the state’s resources and infrastructure.
First Democratic/ Elected Governor Of Jigawa State
Alhaji Ali Sa’ad Birnin-Kudu was the first democratically elected governor of Jigawa State. He served from 1999 to 2007 and was succeeded by Alhaji Ibrahim Saminu Turaki. Since then, the state has had three other democratically elected governors, including the current governor, Alhaji Muhammad Badaru Abubakar.
Jigawa State Local Government
Jigawa State has 27 local government areas, which are further divided into wards and districts. The local government areas are responsible for providing basic services and infrastructure to the people at the grassroots level.
Jigawa State Senatorial Districts
Jigawa State has three senatorial districts, which are Jigawa North-East, Jigawa North-West, and Jigawa Central. Each senatorial district is represented by a senator in the National Assembly.
Natural Resources In Jigawa State
Jigawa State is blessed with several natural resources, including gold, limestone, gypsum, and kaolin. The state is also rich in agricultural resources, with crops such as rice, maize, millet, and sorghum being the major crops grown in the state.
Meaning Of Jigawa
Jigawa State is named after the Jigawa River, which flows through the state. The river is a major source of water for irrigation and other agricultural activities in the state. The name “Jigawa” is derived from the Hausa word “Jiga,” which means “a river.”
Jigawa State Profile
- Date Of Creation: Jigawa State was created on August 27, 1991, by the administration of General Ibrahim Babangida.
- State Border: Jigawa State is bordered by Bauchi, Kano, Katsina, Yobe, and Zamfara States.
- Geopolitical Region: Jigawa State is part of the North-West geopolitical region of Nigeria.
- State Capital: The capital of Jigawa State is Dutse.
- State Slogan: The slogan of Jigawa State is “The New World.”
- Main Religion: Islam is the main religion in Jigawa State.
- State Landmass: Jigawa State covers a land area of about 23,154 square kilometers, making it the 18th largest state in Nigeria in terms of landmass.
- State Tourism: Jigawa State is known for its cultural festivals, such as the Durbar festival, which is celebrated during the Muslim festival of Eid al-Fitr. The state also has natural attractions like the Tiga Dam and the Gwiwa Hills.
- Higher Institutions In The State: Jigawa State has six higher institutions of learning, including the Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State Polytechnic, and Sule Lamido University.
- Tribes / Ethnic Group In The State: The major ethnic groups in Jigawa State are the Hausa, Fulani, and Kanuri.
- State population: According to the National Population Commission, Jigawa State had a population of about 4.4 million people in 2006, making it the 8th most populous state in Nigeria.
- First Democratic/ Elected Governor: Alhaji Ali Sa’ad Birnin-Kudu was the first democratically elected governor of Jigawa State. He served from 1999 to 2007.
- Number Of Local Govt: Jigawa State has 27 local government areas.
- Number Of Senatorial Districts In The State: Jigawa State has three senatorial districts.
- State Natural Resource: Jigawa State is blessed with natural resources such as gold, limestone, gypsum, and kaolin.
- State Name: Jigawa State is named after the Jigawa River, which flows through the state.